Evacuation plans are crucial, particularly in buildings where persons could potentially be unfamiliar with the layout and where to go. The evacuation plans are normally designed in accordance with the Fire Strategy. They would normally be displayed in necessary areas depending on use of the building. It would also show routes to assembly points and locations of firefighting equipment. This is useful for those looking to fight the fire, as well as those looking to run for it.
Fire Strategy Plans
Fire Strategy plans are generally used by Fire Risk Assessors to create a strategy for a building which will reduce the risks of fire and improve the safety of the occupants. You will often find fire compartmentation lines drawn on these with specific colours for the number of minutes each compartment wall is. It can also include other fire safety equipment such as fire doors, fire detection systems and suppression systems if installed.
Frequently asked questions
Yes, Article 11 of the RRFSO requires the Responsible Person to provide “effective planning, organisation, control, monitoring and review of the preventative and protective measures”and “to record the arrangements”. Also Regulation 38 of the Building Regulations requires that a package of fire safety information must be assembled and given to the Responsible Person, and building owners that do not have this information should have a strategy created and also generate the information that they should have.
Yes, the majority of new build developments will have a fire strategy as part of the design process, which is typically reviewed and revised as necessary during the project, right up until completion. However, this fire strategy will need to be reviewed after the building is in use, and it may be necessary to tailor the strategy to the requirements depending on the use of the building.
Yes, it does. The physical plan on paper would be the same in principle, but the actual evacuation would be different, primarily that persons would be directed intelligently away from the direction of the fire, not towards down a fire exit route where the fire may be. Also it has been proved to significantly increase the speed and effectiveness of the evacuation, as the signs are much more easily understood and the directions are followed by comparison to traditional fixed signage.
Fire strategy drawings play a vital part in managing the fire safety in any building. They not only help the occupants and owners understand the building, but they also help external organisations such as the Fire Service or contractors working in the building.